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1949 – The Berlin Airlift ends. 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel. 1955 – Film star James Dean dies in a road accident aged 24. 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the National Farm Workers Association, which later becomes United Farm Workers. 1962 – James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation. 1965 – The Lockheed L-100, the civilian version of the C-130 Hercules, is introduced. 1965 – The 30 September Movement attempts a coup against the Indonesian government, which is crushed by the military under Suharto and leads to a mass anti-communist purge, with over 500,000 people killed. 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President. 1967 – BBC Light Programme, Third Programme and Home Service are replaced with BBC Radio 2, 3 and 4 Respectively, BBC Radio 1 is also launched with Tony Blackburn presenting its first show. 1968 – The Boeing 747 is rolled out and shown to the public for the first time at the Boeing Everett Factory. 1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings. 1972 – Roberto Clemente records the 3,000th and final hit of his career. 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight. 1977 – Because of US budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down. 1979 – The Hong Kong MTR commences service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line). 1980 – Ethernet specifications are published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation. 1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven are killed in all. 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel's covert nuclear program to British media, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy by the Israeli Mossad. 1988 – Al Holbert was fatally injured when his privately owned propeller driven Piper PA-60 aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff near Columbus, Ohio when a clamshell door was not closed. 1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada's capital city of Ottawa. 1993 – The 6.2 Mw Latur earthquake shakes Maharashtra, India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe) killing 9,748 and injuring 30,000. 1994 – Aldwych tube station (originally Strand Station) of the London Underground closes after eighty-eight years in service. 1994 – Ongar railway station, the furthest London Underground from Central London, closes. 1999 – Japan's second-worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tōkai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. 2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo. 2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, is retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat is retired. 2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. 2009 – The 7.6 Mw Sumatra earthquake shakes central Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). This dip-slip (reverse) earthquake left 1,115 people dead, and was followed several days later by a 6.6 Mw strike-slip event.