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Today in History: Sept. 30

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489 – Battle of Verona: The Ostrogoths under king Theoderic the Great defeat the forces of Odoacer for the second time at Verona (Northern Italy). 737 – Battle of the Baggage: Turgesh drive back an Umayyad invasion of Khuttal, follow them south of the Oxus and capture their baggage train. 1399 – Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1541 – Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his forces enter Tula territory in present-day western Arkansas, encountering fierce resistance. 1744 – France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo. 1791 – The first performance of The Magic Flute, the last opera by Mozart to make its debut, took place at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria. 1791 – The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as "incorruptible patriots". 1813 – Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla. 1860 – Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside. 1882 – Thomas Edison's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States. 1888 – Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes. 1895 – Madagascar becomes a French protectorate. 1903 – The new Gresham's School is officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood. 1906 – The Royal Galician Academy, Galician language's biggest linguistic authority, starts working in Havana. 1907 – McKinley National Memorial, the final resting place of assassinated U.S. President William McKinley and his family, is dedicated in Canton, Ohio. 1915 – A Serbian Army private becomes the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire. 1927 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season. 1931 – Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa. 1935 – The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated. 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia. 1938 – The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations". 1939 – General Władysław Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile. 1939 – NBC broadcasts the first televised American football game between the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets and the Fordham Rams. Fordham won the game 34–7. 1941 – World War II: Holocaust in Kiev, Ukraine: German Einsatzgruppe C complete Babi Yar massacre. 1943 – The United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) at Kings Point, New York was dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1945 – The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43 1947 – Pakistan and Yemen join the United Nations. 1947 – The World Series, featuring the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.

1949 – The Berlin Airlift ends. 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel. 1955 – Film star James Dean dies in a road accident aged 24. 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the National Farm Workers Association, which later becomes United Farm Workers. 1962 – James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation. 1965 – The Lockheed L-100, the civilian version of the C-130 Hercules, is introduced. 1965 – The 30 September Movement attempts a coup against the Indonesian government, which is crushed by the military under Suharto and leads to a mass anti-communist purge, with over 500,000 people killed. 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President. 1967 – BBC Light Programme, Third Programme and Home Service are replaced with BBC Radio 2, 3 and 4 Respectively, BBC Radio 1 is also launched with Tony Blackburn presenting its first show. 1968 – The Boeing 747 is rolled out and shown to the public for the first time at the Boeing Everett Factory. 1970 – Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings. 1972 – Roberto Clemente records the 3,000th and final hit of his career. 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight. 1977 – Because of US budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down. 1979 – The Hong Kong MTR commences service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line). 1980 – Ethernet specifications are published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation. 1982 – Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six people in the Chicago area. Seven are killed in all. 1986 – Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel's covert nuclear program to British media, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy by the Israeli Mossad. 1988 – Al Holbert was fatally injured when his privately owned propeller driven Piper PA-60 aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff near Columbus, Ohio when a clamshell door was not closed. 1990 – The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada's capital city of Ottawa. 1993 – The 6.2 Mw Latur earthquake shakes Maharashtra, India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe) killing 9,748 and injuring 30,000. 1994 – Aldwych tube station (originally Strand Station) of the London Underground closes after eighty-eight years in service. 1994 – Ongar railway station, the furthest London Underground from Central London, closes. 1999 – Japan's second-worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tōkai-mura, northeast of Tokyo. 2004 – The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo. 2004 – The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, is retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat is retired. 2005 – The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. 2009 – The 7.6 Mw Sumatra earthquake shakes central Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). This dip-slip (reverse) earthquake left 1,115 people dead, and was followed several days later by a 6.6 Mw strike-slip event.

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