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1912 – The first Indian film, Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne is released in Mumbai. 1917 – World War I: The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed, giving the President of the United States the power of conscription. 1926 – Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson disappears while visiting a Venice, California beach. 1927 – The Bath School disaster: Forty-five people are killed by bombs planted by a disgruntled school-board member in Michigan. 1927 – After being founded for 20 years, the Government of the Republic of China approves Tongji University to be among the first national universities of the Republic of China. 1933 – New Deal: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority. 1944 – World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino: Conclusion after seven days of the fourth battle as German paratroopers evacuate Monte Cassino. 1944 – Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government. 1948 – The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking. 1953 – Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier. 1955 – Operation Passage to Freedom, the evacuation of 310,000 Vietnamese civilians, soldiers and non-Vietnamese members of the French Army from communist North Vietnam to South Vietnam following the end of the First Indochina War, ends. 1956 – First ascent of Lhotse 8,516 meters, by a Swiss team. 1958 – An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h). 1959 – Launch of the National Liberation Committee of Côte d'Ivoire in Conakry, Guinea. 1965 – Israeli spy Eli Cohen was hanged in Damascus, Syria. 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 10 is launched. 1974 – Nuclear test: under project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon becoming the sixth nation to do so. 1974 – Completion of the Warsaw radio mast, the tallest construction ever built at the time. It collapsed on August 8, 1991. 1980 – Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington, United States, killing 57 people and causing $3 billion in damage. 1980 – Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations calling for democratic reforms. 1983 – In Ireland, the government launches a crackdown, with the leading Dublin pirate Radio Nova being put off the air. 1990 – In France, a modified TGV train achieves a new rail world speed record of 515.3 km/h (320.2 mph). 1991 – Northern Somalia declares independence from the rest of Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland but is not recognized by the international community. 1993 – Riots in Nørrebro, Copenhagen caused by the approval of the four Danish exceptions in the Maastricht Treaty referendum. Police opened fire against civilians for the first time since World War II and injured 11 demonstrators. In total 113 bullets are fired. 2005 – A second photo from the Hubble Space Telescope confirms that Pluto has two additional moons, Nix and Hydra. 2006 – The post Loktantra Andolan government passes a landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy and making Nepal a secular country. 2009 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides. 2011 – Twenty-two people are killed when Sol Líneas Aéreas Flight 5428 crashes in southern Argentina. 2015 – At least 78 people die in a landslides caused by heavy rains in the Colombian town of Salgar.